Six legs trod across a sandy arena. Hooves and feet sink in the dirt as horse and Veteran move as one.

It’s called a “Trust Walk,” but where the Veterans are going isn’t as important as why they’re there: They’ve traveled – some for hours – to Utah State University’s Extension Farm in Wellsville, to heal.

They’ve come for the horses, or more so, because the horses give them what people couldn’t: Serenity. Security. Love.

“Sometimes human relationships are complicated and that can be very discouraging for a Veteran who is struggling with emotional issues,” said Judy Smith, director of Equine and Human science at USU. “Through the relationship with the horse, which is not as threatening, it gives Veterans a chance to explore relational skills in a very relaxed environment.”

The first class of Veterans from VA Salt Lake City Health Care System, along with their mentors and Utah State University instructors, stand ready to ride.

The group of six is the first class of VA Salt Lake City Health Care System Veterans to finish the university’s Pathway to Horsemanship class. After an initial meet and greet, Veteran and horse are paired for six weeks, each week working toward strengthening their bond.

Among them was Barton Jeffs, a retired Army National Guard warrant officer with 30 years of service. Jeffs deployed to the Persian Gulf in 1991, Bosnia in 2001, and for Operation Iraqi Freedom in 2003-04. The nature of his job left Jeffs with PTSD and a difficulty trusting people.

His horse, Rebel, has helped with that.

“As a counterintelligence agent, I couldn’t trust people and I was always trying to get the truth out of people,” Jeffs said. “With a horse, there’s nothing to gain, there’s nothing to learn. I just had to learn to trust.”

In the top photo, Jeffs bonds with Rebel. He says working with horses has allowed him to live again.

Smith began the program at the urging of her son, who was injured while deployed. When he returned home, he wanted to reconnect with his horse and told her, “Veterans need horses, too.”

She made Veteran equine therapy her mission. With USU wanting a Veteran-focused program and a Department of Veterans Affairs Adaptive Sports Grant, she found a perfect outlet.

While studies have shown that horses can reduce anxiety, depression and help with mood, Smith’s working on gathering more evidence.

But Veterans, like former Army intelligence specialist Ellen Casteel, 67, don’t need proof. They can feel it. There’s no judging. No delving into the past. Just horses, camaraderie, and peace.

“Her and I just clicked,” Casteel said of her cremello paint horse, Missy. “As soon as I walked up to her, she was just nudging me, putting her head down and kind of butting me and we just really clicked.”

Horses helping heroes

The program works because it gives Veterans a new, enjoyable activity in a safe environment that allows them to bond with other Veterans, according to Dr. William Marchand, clinic director and service chief for Whole Heath at the Salt Lake City VA.

“We saw Veterans become more animated. They were having fun with each other, which has been a change. We’ve seen people become a lot more confident and experience joy being with the horses”

For Jeffs, the walls he built to keep people out didn’t work with Rebel.

“I have to be real. I need to let my emotions show. This allows me to become more of who I really am versus who I want people to perceive me to be.”

By the third week, Jeffs and Rebel had made a connection. By the sixth, the two were working as a team.

Through Rebel, Jeffs said he has made progress otherwise impossible with traditional therapy. Jeffs, who was estranged from his siblings, said that the therapy has helped him reconnect with people.

“I haven’t allowed myself to be part of the word. It allowed me to open up and be more vulnerable with people in a way that I have not been in 30 years.”

Casteel, too, has grown.

“It’s given me a lot more confidence in myself, being able to learn new skills. Being around horses anytime makes me happy and when you’re happy, that affects the rest of your life.”

With a little apprehension and a whole lot of smiling, the moment that Jeffs and Casteel spent the last six weeks training for arrives. They mount their horses, take a breath, and guided by a mentor, take a short jaunt across the area.

Though the experience lasts only moments, it’s not about the ride. It’s about connecting.

“It’s another step that can help me become a better me,” Jeffs said.

T.S. Jarmusz is a public affairs specialist with the VA Salt Lake City Health Care System. Video by Tyler Moore, A/V production specialist at the VA Salt Lake City Health Care System.

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Published on Jun. 29, 2020

Estimated reading time is 4.2 min.

Views to date: 360


  1. Judy Smith July 8, 2020 at 7:59 pm

    Hi, this is Judy Smith, mentioned in the story. Thank you for your service and your interest in working with horses. The Professional Association of Therapeutic Horsemanship, International (PATH, Intl) has centers all over the nation that provide Equine Services for Heroes. You can check their website to find a center new you

  2. Donnie Kelley July 3, 2020 at 9:31 am

    I would like information to start Horses Helping Veterans. I live in Dawson County GA. My horses have helped my PTSD

  3. Seals Gary July 2, 2020 at 3:02 pm

    Name is Gary . I am a Vietnam Vet . Served in a First Infantry Division , Ranger Recon Platoon. I just read this VA article
    “HORSES HELPING VETERANS”. I have had years of rehab , phycologist , veteran’s group meetings , drugs . etc. Some things have helped but nothing really has changed the fact that I can not really trust people . The lesson has been that the people trying to help me have , in some cases , more problems than I do. The lesson is that I need to change. Well , that hasn’t happened. People have suggested therapy dogs but I have always bee fascinated with horses. I watch old western movies on a daily basis. So my question is how do I find out where this program is available. I live in Florida but go to Ohio in the summer.

    • Danielle Lewis July 20, 2020 at 8:17 pm

      Check out NAHRA–North American Handicapped Riding Assn.

  4. Danielle Lewis July 2, 2020 at 2:03 pm

    If anyone in San Antonio, TX or surrounding area is interested in starting a program, I am willing to help. My background includes US Army (24 yrs), handicapped riding asst to Dorothy Marsden’s program outside Spokane, Wa, pet therapy owner (helping school children with reading), and having had a mother with lifelong handicap due to polio at 11 months of age. I also still ride my horses in distance events.

  5. Justin K July 1, 2020 at 11:02 pm

    Hi my name is specialist Keefe I served in Iraq from 2004-2005. I am a Purple Heart recipient and arcom with valor. I have been home for 15 years and would like to telll my story of my time during war and more importantly my reacclimation into civil life. This includes addiction homelessness divorce and many lows. I just recently got offered a job that will change my life.. I have lost everything from a house to wife to the dog….. my addiction is unfortunately a topic many veterans can relate too. I would like to share my story so maybe I can veterans realize that they deserve a nice life. Lord knows that I never thought that. I didn’t know if I was a good person doing bad things or a bad person doing good things. Like I said previously ide like to share my story geared towards those veterans who feel broken and I want them to know it’s possible to have a good life. specialists Keefe283rd transportation company. Thank you for your time hope to hear from you.

  6. LK Mansfield July 1, 2020 at 9:57 pm

    Hope to see this soon at the Boise VA.

  7. John Grijalva July 1, 2020 at 8:25 pm

    I really liked your “Horses Helping Veterans” story. Is there a program like that here in Arizona?
    Let me know if you can. I would really like to participate in that type of program. I am a Vietnam
    Army Veteran.
    Please reply as soon as possible to my email address below.
    Thank you for your time.
    John Grijalva

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